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Concrete Work

Installing Very Long Concrete Driveways

Installing Very Long Concrete Driveways

Concrete driveways offer many benefits to the owners owing to its durability, low maintenance costs, easy customization and easy removal of snow and ice. Installation of very long concrete driveways may be tiresome, time-consuming if the typical methods and tools are used. It is therefore of importance to hire machinery that would initiate faster excavation, concrete placement, and leveling. Despite this, the steps for driveways installation are as follows

1. Knowledge of the relevant technical aspects

Awareness of the code requirements should be crucial as it provides guidance on the minimum compressive strengths to be attained, and the prerequisite permits that require satisfaction. The confines will ensure that the design and specifications of the driveway satisfy the laid out engineering standards.

2. Site preparation

Once the area is selected with vegetation, there should be the placement of wood forms at the edges of the driveway area. The gravel at the base should also undergo thorough compaction. These activities are aimed at guaranteeing the ultimate drainage and level of the area.

3. Pouring of concrete

Since the driveway is very long, It would be prudent to hire a crew of concrete workers experienced and with the relevant manpower to spread the concrete quickly. The concrete is poured against the form with shovels and hoes for spreading. Overworking the concrete through spreading far is not recommended as this can cause defects in the finished driveway. The long driveways should, therefore, be concrete spread in sections.

4. Striking concrete

This involves moving the strike off across the form to level the concrete. In the long driveway, this is done in batches rather than after complete placement. As the work is done in sections, two people are required for time­saving and a third individual for the collection of other concrete.

5. Smoothing the driveway surface

Use a bull float in smoothening high spots and filling the small hollows; this improves leveling and provides an ideal surface where any type of Finishing based on the needs of the owner is achieved.

6. Edging of concrete

The edge of the driveway should always be regular and commensurate with the formwork. This involves running a masons trowel between outer edges and the concrete, with the forth and back running, it smoothens and compacts the concrete.

7. Jointing of concrete

This aims at controlling cracks since we are doing a very long driveway, jointing is very necessary, as the slab is susceptible to cracks. This will require the setting of joints using a one-inch jointer with a straight guide board. The control joints are made at intervals of 15 times the width but not exceeding 30 times the thickness of the driveway.

8. Curing the driveway

With effective floating of the surface, it should always be kept from drying quickly as this may weaken the surface an initiate crumbling. Since the driveway is long, you can use plastic sheeting to contain the evaporating water; this is effective as continued wetting of the entire surface may be difficult. For cold weather, curing should always take three days longer. A vehicle can drive o the driveways only after ten days elapses.

Special thank to Great West Asphalt that does asphalt paving in Las Vegas for helping us reseach all of this information.

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Installation Of Concrete Patios

Installation Of Concrete Patios

Concrete patios provide a suitable space for outdoor family activities, and the predominant construction material is concrete. Preparation of the concrete presents the most critical phase of construction as the due conditions of workability and water retention ability has to be considered. Patio installation requires different materials such as plastic sheeting, bagged concrete, compactible gravel, and stakes, among other components.

The installation should follow the following steps.

A. Setting up of the guide strings and square the layout

These guides will show the edges of the patio and are put using mason’s line and stakes. Having selected the patio area, there is a division of two stakes at each corner with the stakes at one foot beyond the patio edge. From this method, the point of intersection of the strings will mark the corners for the patio, which will give us a good layout of the area. After that, one checks the lines for square through diagonal measurement of the opposing corners. Here, there is an adjustment of the sides if the measurements do not make a square.

B. Sloping of the strings

The objective of this is for the patio to slope away from the house as a caution to water movements during rainy days. I this regard, the slope is supposed to be an eighth of an inch per feet. Here, there is a measurement of an inch from the strings at the lower end, mark the stakes then move the strings to the marks.

C. Excavation

This involves the removal of vegetation in the patio area; it should always provide an allowance of 6 inches for the setting of concrete form. Excavation should go up to a depth of 8 inches; one should be aware of the excavation depths from the layout lines; the soil should always be tamped considerably using a plate compactor.

D. Installation of the gravel base

The excavated area should be filled with compactible gravel of 2 inches then compact with a plate compactor. Add another 2­inch gravel then smoothen the layer. With the carpenter’s level, ensure that the slope is level end­to­end and gravel level side­to­side then compact the layer.

E. Building of formwork for concrete and secure them appropriately

Here, the interior dimensions of the form should be commensurate with the final dimensions of the slab. A check of whether it conforms to square should also be conducted using the string layouts.

F. Pouring and screeding of concrete

This is done while the interior of the formwork is coated with oil to prevent concrete sticking on them. Transfer mixed concrete from the mixing area then spread it with a shovel to fill the form completely up to the top. Using a board, screed the concrete surface while removing any excess or fill the low sections until the top of the concrete is level.

G. Finishing of the concrete

This involves allowing the concrete to cure until all the water bleeds out, use the edge control tool to guarantee the smoothness of the edges. The concrete surface is then covered with plastic sheeting and curing with water each day for two to three weeks. Once this is achieved., one can remove the sheeting, disassemble the formwork and have your concrete patio.

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Concrete Driveway Installation

Concrete Driveway Installation


Having a magnificent driveway welcoming your lovely vehicles is surely a dream of every person but that magnificence mostly doesn’t end up in a good way due to its weak strength. For combining these traits concrete is the best option. It is the lowest­maintenance material that can be cleaned by the occasional scrub and can be saved from the staining by the annual resealing. Moreover, there is no need to worry about the cost as concrete driveways don’t really cut a slack from your budget. You can spend 4­10 dollars per square foot for getting your dream driveway. Our this article will be your friendly guide to produce a concrete driveway that will not only fulfill your aesthetic desire by that detailed and extravagant but will also be enduring and sturdy at an affordable cost.

Trust us and follow these crucial steps that can lead you to your dreamy driveway. As a prerequisite, explore your neighborhood requirements with respect to the least compressive quality and estimations. Don’t you really forget to get that required permit for your contractual workers before beginning the installation of your driveway? In addition to this, note that one vehicle driveway width is 8­9 feet and for a two­vehicle driveway, it is 15­18 feet.

Gather Your Materials:

The strength and finish of your concrete driveway are highly proportional to the quality and strength of the material you are using. Make sure that the concrete with its base ought to be at least 4 inches thick by the thickness of 5 inches can boost your strength to 50 percent with the cost increment of just 20 percent. It’s significant that the drive slant toward the road ¼ inch per running foot for sufficient waste. A water­decreasing admixture will diminish the measure of water expected to keep the solid useful, bringing about a more grounded blend in with less weakness to breaking. Prepare your Site: Intensive preparation and readiness is the key driver for installing a solid carport. As a starter, free that area from vegetation and debris. Set the wood forms along the edges of your selected area and trail it by the base of the compacted rock. This step will keep your driveway in level and well­depleted.

Concrete Mixture:

Take the appropriate amount of concrete according to your required length, width, and thickness after the preparation of your site. Get yourself a team of highly experience concrete laborers who will not only spread that prepare mixture in the wooden structures but will also fortify it with the mesh or steel bars and finally will finish the surface.

Curing Process of Concrete:

Don’t forget to pass your driveway through the process of curing before using it. As all good things take time, similarly you have to give some alone time to your driveway. Give your driveway that me­space for at least a week and keep large vehicles away from it for a full month. Moreover, keep your driveway moist by spraying it lightly with a golden hose.

Give that last finishing touch:

Give your driveway that exciting touch by using those fancy concrete finishes and designer colors and TADA! Your driveway is good to go.